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THE PROPHECIES & THEIR FULFILLMENT

OF THE MESSIAH




Introduction by Donna Morley: Before we take a look at the Prophecies of the Messiah, found in the Old Testament, and their Fulfillment, found in the New, we first must address one important issue. That is, the question of the New Testament, or rather, the New Covenant.



Is the New Covenant for the Jewish people? Christians would say the New Covenant is for everyone. The Jewish people reject this idea. They do not believe the New Covenant is for them. Yet, little do they realize that God actually promised them, and all of Israel, this New Covenant.



God’s Promise to give the Jews a New Covenant



Here’s God’s promise of a New Covenant, found in Jeremiah, Chapter 31, verses 31:34:



 

(vs. 31): “Behold, days are coming,” declares the Lord, “when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah,

 

(vs. 32): not like the covenant which I made with their fathers in the day I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt, My covenant which they broke, although I was a husband to them,” declares the Lord.

 

(vs. 33): “But this is the covenant which I will make with the house of Israel after those days,” declares the Lord, “I will put My law within them, and on their heart I will write it; and I will be their God, and they shall be My people.

 

(vs. 34): “...for I will forgive their iniquity, and their sin I will remember no more.”



God brought about a New Covenant because He has “better promises” for the Jewish people



Let’s take a closer look, starting at the Epistle to the Hebrews, chapter 8, verses 6-13:

 

(vs. 6): But now He has obtained a more excellent ministry, by as much as He is also the mediator of a better covenant, which has been enacted on better promises.

 

(vs. 7): For if that first covenant had been faultless, there would have been no occasion sought for a second.



         (vs. 8-12): For finding fault with them, He says,


“Behold, days are coming, says the Lord,

When I will effect a new covenant

With the house of Israel and with the house of Judah;

Not like the covenant which I made with their fathers

On the day when I took them by the hand

To lead them out of the land of Egypt;

For they did not continue in My covenant,

And I did not care for them, says the Lord.

For this is the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel

After those days, says the Lord:

I will put My laws into their minds,

And I will write them upon their hearts.

And I will be their God,

And they shall be my people.

And they shall not teach every one his fellow-citizen,

And every one his brother, saying ‘Know the Lord,’

For all shall know Me,

From the least to the greatest of them.

For I will be merciful to their iniquities,

And I will remember their sins no more”

 

(vs. 13): When He said, “A new covenant” He has made the first obsolete. But whatever is becoming obsolete and growing old is ready to disappear.”



Just as the Old Covenant was dedicated and ratified with blood, so too was the New Covenant instituted and ratified with blood.



In the Epistle to the Hebrews, chapter 9, verses 12-22 we read:

 

(vs. 12): and not through the blood of goats and calves, but through His own blood, He entered the holy place once for all, having obtained eternal redemption.

 

(vs. 13): For if the blood of goats and bulls and the ashes of a heifer sprinkling those who have been defiled, sanctify for the cleansing of the flesh,

 

(vs. 14): how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered Himself without blemish to God, cleanse your conscience from dead works to serve the Living God?

 

(vs. 15): And for this reason He is the mediator of a new covenant, in order that since a death has taken place for the redemption of the transgressions that were committed under the first covenant, those who have been called may receive the promise of the eternal inheritance.

 

(vs. 16): For where a covenant is, there must of necessity be the death of the one who made it.

 

(vs. 17): For a covenant is valid only when men are dead, for it is never in force while the one who made it lives.

 

(vs. 18): Therefore even the first covenant was not inaugurated without blood.

 

(vs. 19): For when every commandment had been spoken by Moses to all the people according to the Law, he took the blood of the calves and the goats, and water and scarlet wool and hyssop, and sprinkled both the book itself and all the people,

 

(vs. 20): saying, “This is the blood of the covenant which God commanded you.”

 

(vs. 21): And in the same way he sprinkled both the tabernacle and all the vessels of the ministry with the blood.

 

(vs. 22): And according to the Law, one may almost say, all things are cleansed with blood, and without shedding of blood there is no forgiveness.



Other verses to look up are: Hebrews chapter 10, verses 4-24; Matthew chapter 26, verse 17, also chapter 27, verse 29; Luke chapter 22, verses 15-20 and Ephesians chapter 1, verse 7.



Now, let’s take a look at the Old Covenant prophecies of the Messiah fulfilled in the New Covenant.




MESSIAH IS TO BE BORN IN BETHLEHEM



OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“But as for you, Bethlehem Ephrathah,

Too little to be among the clans of Judah,

From you One will go forth for Me to be ruler in Israel,

His goings forth are from long ago,

From the days of eternity.”

(Micah chapter 5, verse 2)



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:



Now after Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judea

in the days of Herod the king, behold,

magi from the east arrived in Jerusalem, saying,

‘Where is He who has been born King of the Jews?

For we saw His star in the east, and have come to worship Him.”

And when Herod the king heard it, he was troubled, and all Jerusalem with Him.

And gathering together all the chief priests and scribes of the people,

he began to inquire of them where the Christ was to be born.



And they said to him, ‘In Bethlehem of Judea,

for so it has been written by the prophet,

‘And you, Bethlehem, land of Judah,

Are by no means least among the leaders of Judah;

For out of you shall come forth a Ruler,

Who will shepherd My people Israel.’”

(Matthew chapter 2, verses 1-6)


Also see, Luke chapter 2, verses 1-20.




MESSIAH TO BE BORN OF A VIRGIN



OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“Therefore the Lord Himself will give you a sign;

Behold, a virgin will be with child and bear a son,

and she will call His name Immanuel.” (Isaiah 7:14)



Note: Immanuel means “God with us.”



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:



Now the birth of Jesus Christ was as follows.

When His mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph,

before they came together she was found to be with child by the Holy Spirit.

And Joseph her husband, being a righteous man, and not wanting to disgrace her, desired to put her away secretly.

But when he had considered this, behold, an angel of the Lord appeared to him in a dream saying, “Joseph, son of David, do not be afraid to take Mary as your wife; for that which has been conceived in her is of the Holy Spirit.

And she will bear a Son; and you shall call His name Jesus, for it is He who will save His people from their sins.

Now all this took place that what was spoken by the Lord through the prophet might be fulfilled, saying,

Behold, the virgin shall be with child,

and shall bear a Son, and they shall call His name Immanuel,” which translated means, “God with us.”

(Matthew chapter 1 verses 18-23)



Note: “The Christ” (Greek) and “the Messiah” (Hebrew) both mean “the Annointed One.”




The MESSIAH WILL COME THROUGH THE SEED OF ABRAHAM



OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:


The Lord said to Abram,

“...all the people’s on earth will be blessed through you.”

(Genesis 12:3; also see Genesis 22:18).




NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:


“The promises were spoken to Abraham and to his seed:

The Scripture does not say “and to seeds,” meaning many people,

but “and to your seed,” meaning one person, who is the Christ”

(Galatians 3:16)



“A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David, the son of Abraham:” (Matthew 1:1).




THE MESSIAH WILL BE OF THE TRIBE JUDAH




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



The scepter will not depart from Judah,

nor the ruler’s staff from between his feet,

until he comes to whom it belongs.”

(Genesis 49:10; also Genesis 49:10).



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:


For it is clear that our Lord descended from Judah,

and in regard to that tribe Moses said nothing about priests.”

(Hebrews 7:14).




THE MESSIAH WILL BE OF THE HOUSE OF DAVID




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“Go and tell my servant David.....When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom. He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever.” (2 Samuel 7:5, 11).



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:



“A record of the genealogy of Jesus Christ the son of David...” (Matthew 1:1)





NEW COVENANT PROPHECY:


“After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea....”

(Matthew 2:1; also see Luke 2:4-7).




THE MESSIAH WILL BE HERALDED BY

A MESSENGER THAT COMES BEFORE HIM




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“A voice of one calling:

`In the desert prepare the way for the Lord’

make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God.”

(Isaiah 40:3)


“See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me.”

(Malachi 3:1).



NEW COVENANT PROPHECY:



“In those days John the Baptist came,

preaching in the Desert of Judea and saying,

“Repent, for the kingdom of heaven is near.”

(Matthew 3:1-2).


 [John the Baptist also said],

“....after me will come one who is more powerful than I,

whose sandals I am not fit to carry

(Matthew 3:11).


“The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said,

`Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world!’

(John 1:29).




THE MESSIAH WOULD BE REJECTED




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“Who has believed our message and

to whom has the arm of the Lord been revealed?

He was despised and forsaken of men...

And like one from whom men hide their face,

He was despised, and we did not esteem Him

(Isaiah 53:1, 3).



“The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone....” (Psalm 118:22).



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:



“And He took the twelve aside and said to them,

‘Behold, we are going up to Jerusalem,

and all things which are written through the prophets

about the Son of Man will be accomplished.

For He will be delivered to the Gentiles,

and will be mocked and mistreated and spit upon,

and after they have scourged Him, they will kill Him...”

(Luke 18:31-33, also see Mark 10:33-34)



“He was in the world, and the world was made through Him

and the world did not know Him.

He came to His own, and those who were His own did not receive Him.”

(John 1:10, 11)


“For even his own brothers did not believe in him.” (John 7:5).



“Has any of the rulers or of the Pharisees believed in him? No!.... (John 7:48-49).



“Have you not read this Scripture:

‘The stone which the builders rejected,

This became the Chief Corner stone;

(Mark 12:10-11)



“Now to you who believe, this stone is precious.

But to those who do not believe,

`the stone the builders rejected has become the capstone....’”

(1 Peter 2:7).



“...having been built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets,

Christ Jesus Himself being the corner stone...”

(Ephesians 2:20)



“He is the stone which was rejected by you, the builders,

but which became the very corner stone.

(Acts 4:11)




THE MESSIAH WILL SUFFER WITH TRANSGRESSORS

AND WILL PRAY FOR HIS ENEMIES




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“...He poured out Himself to death, and was numbered with the transgressors;

Yet He Himself bore the sin of many, and interceded for the transgressors.”

(Isaiah 53:12).



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:


“Two robbers were crucified with him, one on the right and one on his left. “ (Matthew 27:38, also see Mark 15:27, 28)).


“Two other men, both criminals, were also led out with him to be executed.

When they came to the place called The Skull, there they crucified him,

along with the criminals–one on his right, the other on his left.

Jesus said, “Father forgive them, for they do not know what they are doing.” (Luke 23:32-34).




THE MESSIAH WILL BE GIVEN VINEGAR AND GALL




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“They also gave me gall for my food,

and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.”

(Psalm 69:21)




NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:


“And when they had come to a place called Golgotha,

which means Place of a Skull,

they gave Him wine to drink mingled with gall;

 and after tasting it, He was unwilling to drink .”

(Matthew 27:34)




THEY WERE TO CAST LOTS FOR THE MESSIAH’S GARMENTS



OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



They divide my garments among them, and for my clothing they cast lots.

(Psalm 22:18)



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:


“And when they had crucified Him,

 they divided up His garments among themselves, casting lots.”

(Matthew 27:35, also see Mark 15:24 and Luke 23:34)



“The soldiers therefore, when they had crucified Jesus,

took His outer garments and made four parts,

a part to every soldier and also the tunic;

now the tunic was seamless, woven in one piece.

They said therefore to one another, ‘Let us not tear it, but cast losts for it,

to decide whose it shall be”; that the Scripture might be fulfilled,

‘THEY DIVIDED MY OUTER GARMENTS AMONG THEM,

AND FOR MY CLOTHING THEY CAST LOTS.’”

(John 19:23,24)

 




THE MESSIAH WAS TO DIE AS A SACRIFICE FOR SIN



OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“But He was pierced through for our transgressions,

He was crushed for our iniquities;

The chastening for our well-being fell upon Him,

and by His scourging we are healed.

All of us like sheep have gone astray, Each of us has turned to his own way;

But the Lord has caused the iniquity of us all to fall on Him.

...the Lord was pleased to crush Him, putting Him to grief;

If He would render Himself as a guilt offering...

as a result of the anguish of His soul, He will see it and be satisfied;

By His knowledge the Righteous One,

My Servant will justify the many, and He will bear their iniquities... ”

(Isaiah 53:5, 10, 11).




NEW COVENANT PROPHECY:


“The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said,

`Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world!’ (John 1:29).



“Then one of them, named Caiaphas, who was high priest that year, spoke up, `You know nothing at all!’ You do not realize that it is better for you that one man die for the people than that the whole nation perish.’

  He did not say this on his own, but as high priest that year he prophesied that Jesus would die for the Jewish nation, and not only for that nation but also for the scattered children of God, to bring them together and make them one.”

(John 11:39-52).




THE MESSIAH WAS TO DIE A HUMILIATING DEATH




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning? O my God, I cried out by day, but you do not answer, by night, and am not silent....

But I am a worm and not a man, scorned by men and despised by the people. All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads; He trusts in the Lord; let the Lord rescue him, Let him deliver him, since he delights in him....

....Do not be far from me, for trouble is near and there is no one to help.

Many bulls surround me; strong bulls of Bashan encircle me.

Roaring lions tearing their prey open their mouths wide against me.

 I am poured out like water, and all my bones are out of joint.

My heart has turned to wax; it has melted away within me.

My strength is dried up like a potsherd, and my tongue sticks to the roof of my mouth; you lay me in the dust of death.

Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me,

they have pierced my hands and my feet.

I can count all my bones; people stare and gloat over me.

They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing....

(Psalm 22: 1,3,8,12-16).



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:



“And about the ninth hour Jesus cried out with a loud voice,

‘Eli, Eli, Lama Sabachthani ?’ that is,

‘MY GOD, MY GOD, WHY HAST THOU FORSAKEN ME?”

(Matthew 27:43)



“And the robbers also who had been crucified with Him

were casting the same insult at Him.”

(Matthew 27:44)




THE MESSIAH WAS TO BE RAISED FROM THE DEAD




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:



“For Thou wilt not abandon my soul to Sheol;

Neither wilt Thou allow Thy Holy One to undergo decay.”

(Psalm 16:10)



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:


“Men of Israel, listen to these words:

Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with miracles and wonders and signs which God performed through Him in your midst, just as you yourselves know--

this Man, delivered up by the predetermined plan and foreknowledge of God, you nailed to a cross by the hands of godless men and put Him to death.

And God raised Him up again, putting an end to the agony of death, since it was impossible for Him to be held in its power.

For David says of Him,

‘I was always beholding the Lord in my presence;

For He is at my right hand,

that I may not be shaken.

Therefore my heart was glad and my tongue exulted;

Moreover my flesh also will abide in hope;

Because Thou wilt not abandon my soul to Hades,

Nor allow Thy Holy One to Undergo Decay.

Thou hast made known to me the ways of life;

Thou wilt make me full of gladness with Thy presence.’


Brethren, I may confidently say to you regarding the patriarch David that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us to this day.

And so, because he was a prophet, and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath to seat one of his descendants upon his throne,

he looked ahead and spoke of the resurrection of the Christ,

that He WAS NEITHER ABANDONED TO HADES,

Nor did His flesh suffer decay.

This Jesus God raised up again, to which we are all witnesses.



(Also see Matthew 28:1-10; Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24:1-9; 44-48; John 20:1-31; 1 Corinthians 15:4-8).




THE MESSIAH NOW AT GOD’S RIGHT HAND




OLD COVENANT PROPHECY:


“The Lord says to my Lord:

`Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool at your feet.”

(Psalm 110:1).



NEW COVENANT FULFILLMENT:



“So then, when the Lord Jesus had spoken to them,

He was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God”

(Mark 16:19).