THE TRIAL OF JEANNE D'ARC
March 1st Fifth Session
On Thursday, March 1st we the said bishop repaired to the accustomed place in the
castle of Rouen, where the said Jeanne appeared before us in the presence of the
reverend fathers, lords and masters: Gilles, abbot of Ste. Trinité de Fécamp; Pierre,
prior of Longueville-Giffard, Jean de Châtillon, Erard Emengart, Jean Beaupère,
Jacques de Touraine, Nicolas Midi, Denis de Sabrevois, Pierre Maurice, Gerard
Feuillet, Maurice du Quesnay, Guillaume Le Boucher, Pierre Houdenc, Jean de Nibat,
Jean Le Fèvre Jacques Guesdon, doctors of sacred theology; Nicolas de Jumièges,
Guillaume de Ste. Catherine and Guillaume de Cormeilles abbots; Jean Garin,
doctor of canon law; the abbots of St. Ouen and of Préaux and the prior of St. Lô;
William Haiton, Nicolas Couppequesne, Thomas de Courcelles, Guillaume de
Baudribosc, Jean Pigache, Raoul Le Sauvage, Richard de Grouchet, Pierre Minier,
Jean Le Maistre, Jean Le Vautier, bachelors of sacred theology; Nicolas de
Venderès, Jean Bruillot, Jean Pinchon, Jean Basset, Jean de La Fontaine, Raoul
Anguy, Jean Colombel, Richard des Saulx, Aubert Morel, Jean Duchemin, Laurent
Du Busc, Philippe Le Maréchal, bachelors of canon law; Denis Gastinel, Jean Le
Doulx, Robert Le Barbier, bachelors of canon and civil law; André Marguerie, Jean
Alespée, Gilles Deschamps, Nicolas Caval, Geoffroy du Crotay,
Pierre Cavé, Nicolas Maulin, licentiates in civil law; Robert Morellet, and Nicolas
Loiseleur, canons of the cathedral of Rouen.
In their presence we summoned and required the said Jeanne to swear to speak
the truth, the simple and absolute truth on what she was asked. She answered
that she was ready to swear to answer truly everything she knew, concerning the
trial, as she said before. She said she knows many things which do not concern the
trial, and there is no need to tell them. Then she said: "Everything I truly know
concerning the trial I will gladly tell." Summoned and required as before, to swear,
she answered: "What I can answer truly, I will willingly tell concerning the trial." And
she took the oath in this manner, with her hands on the holy gospels. Then she
said: "Of what I know concerning the trial I will willingly tell the truth, and will tell
altogether as much as if I were before the Pope of Rome."
Asked what she said concerning our lord the Pope and whom she believed to be
the true Pope, she answered by asking if there were two of them.
Asked if she had not had letters from the count d'Armagnac, to ask which of the
three sovereign pontiffs he should obey, she answered that the said count did write
a certain letter to this effect, to which she replied, amongst other things, that she
would give him an answer when she was in Paris, or anywhere where she was at
rest. And she was going to mount her horse when she gave this answer.
At this juncture we had read in court a copy of the letters from the count and from
Jeanne; and she was examined to see whether this was a copy of her actual reply.
She answered that she thought she had made this reply in part, but not all of it.
Asked if she had professed to know, by the counsel of the
King of Kings, what the count should hold in this matter, she answered she knew
nothing about it.
Asked if she entertained any doubt concerning whom the count should obey, she
answered that she did not know how to instruct him to obey, since the count
asked whom God wanted him to obey. But as for herself, Jeanne thought we
should obey our Holy Father the Pope at Rome. She added that she said other
things to the count's messenger which are not in the copy of the letter; and if the
messenger had not gone off at once he would have been thrown into the water,
but not through her. She said that to the count's inquiry concerning whom God
wished him to obey, she answered that she did not know, but sent him several
messages not put into writing. And as for herself, she believed in Our Holy Father
the Pope at Rome.
Asked why she had written that she would give an answer at some other time,
since she believed in the Pope at Rome, she answered that it had reference to
another matter than the three sovereign pontiffs.
Asked if she had said that she would have counsel on the question of the three
sovereign pontiffs, she answered that she had never written or caused to be
written anything concerning the three sovereign pontiffs. This, she swore by her
oath, she had never written or caused to be written.
Asked if she was in the habit of putting in her letters the names of Jhesus Maria
with a cross, she answered in some she did, and in some she did not; and
sometimes she put a cross to warn some one of her party not to do as her letters
said. The tenor of the letters which the count and Jeanne wrote to one another is
included below among the articles of the prosecutor.
And then she was read the letters that she addressed to our lord the King, to the
Duke of Bedford, and to others.
[PAGE 69: NOT AVAILABLE - GRAPHIC]
The tenor of which letters is to be found below in the articles of the prosecutor.
And then she was asked if she recognized these letters; she answered yes,
excepting three words; to wit where it was written Surrender to the Maid, it should
read Surrender to the king; then there was chieftain of war and thirdly body for
body, which were not in the letters she sent. She added that none of the lords ever
dictated these letters, but she herself dictated them before they were sent; though
they were indeed shown to certain of her party. She said that before seven years
are past the English will lose a greater stake than they did at Orleans, for they will
lose everything in France. She adds that the said English will suffer greater loss than
ever they did in France; and it will be a great victory which God will send the
Asked how she knew this, she answered: "I know by a revelation made to me, and
within seven years it will happen and I am much vexed that it should be so long
postponed." She said also that she knew it by revelation as well as she knew we
were at that moment before her.
Asked when it will happen, she said she knew neither the day nor the hour.
Asked in what year it will happen, she answered: "You will not learn that:
nevertheless I heartily wish it might be before St. John's Day."
Asked whether she said it would happen before Martinmas in winter, she answered
that she had said that before Martinmas in winter many things would be seen; and
it might be that the English would be overthrown.
Asked what she told John Grey, her guard, about Martinmas, she answered: "I
have told you." Asked through whom she knew that this would come to pass, she
answered that she knew through St. Catherine and
St. Margaret. Asked if St. Gabriel was with St. Michael when he came to her, she
answered she did not remember.
Asked if since the last Tuesday she had not spoken with St. Catherine and St.
Margaret, she answered yes, but she does not know at what time.
Asked on what day, she answered, yesterday and to-day; "there is no day but I
Asked if she always saw them in the same dress, she answered she always sees
them in the same form; and their heads are richly crowned. Of their other clothing
she does not speak: of their robes she knows nothing.
Asked how she knew whether her apparition was man or woman, she answered
she knew for certain, she recognized them by their voices, and they revealed
themselves to her; nor did she know anything but by revelation and God's
Asked what part of them she saw, she answered the face.
Asked if the saints which appeared to her had hair, she answered: "It is well to
know that they have."
Asked if there were anything between their crowns and their hair, she answered
Asked if their hair were long and hung down, she answered: "I do not know." She
added that she did not know whether they appeared to have arms or other
members. She saw they spoke very well and beautifully; and she understood them
Asked how they spoke if they had no other members, she answered: "I leave that
to God." She said the voice was gentle, soft and low, and spoke in French.
Asked if St. Margaret spoke in the English tongue, she answered: "Why should she
speak English when she is not on the English side?"
Asked if on the crowned heads there were not rings of gold or other substance,
she answered: "I do not know."
Asked if she herself did not have some rings, she replied to us, bishop: "You have
one of mine; give it back to me." She said the Burgundians have another ring; and
she asked us, if we had her ring, to show it to her.
Asked who gave her the ring which the Burgundians had, she answered her father
or her mother; and she thought the names Jhesus Maria were written thereon;
she did not know who had them written; she did not think there was any stone in
it; and she was given the ring at Domrémy. She said that her brother gave her the
other ring which we had and she charged us to give it to the Church. She said she
never cured any one with any of her rings.
Asked if St. Catherine and St. Margaret spoke to her under the aforementioned
tree she answered: "I do not know."
Asked if the saints spoke to her at the fountain near the tree, she answered yes,
she heard them there, but what they said to her there she did not know.
Asked what the saints promised her, there or elsewhere, she answered that they
made no promises to her, except by God's leave.
Asked what promises they made, she answered: "That is not in your case at all."
And amongst other things, they told how the king would be reëstablished in his
kingdom, whether his enemies wished it or not. She said also that they promised
the said Jeanne to bring her to Paradise, and she had asked it of them. Asked if she
had received any other promise, she answered she had, but she will not tell, since it
does not concern the trial. And she said that in three months she will reveal the
Asked if the voices had told her that within three months
she would be delivered from prison, she answered: "That is not in your case;
however, I do not know when I shall be delivered." And she said that those who
wish to get h