written before the
Fall of Jerusalem in
70 A.D., & before the
fire of Rome,
events and the
martyrdoms of James
(62 A.D.), Paul (64
A.D.) & Peter (65
A.D.), all pivotal
Christian events, are
9,300 other early
of portions of the
oldest of 98 Papyrus
Nubian, Georgian, Ethiopic
from 6th century
from Early Church
Fathers' letters; all
N. Test. except for
11 verses (-325A.D.)
Uthmanic recension. not Topkapi /
1.†††††Ma'il 7th-9th century Medina and Mecca.
2.†††††Mashq 7th century onwards.
3.†††††Kufic 8th-11th century.
4.†††††Naskh 11th century till today.
Noldeke, Hawting, Schacht, Lings, Safadi all
date Topkapi / Sammarkand to 9th century.
Quraish = Mecca, Kufa = 636 A.D. = Persia.
Ma'il Qur'an in British Library, Lings=790 A.D.
Conclusion: no Uthmanic recension, Qur'an=
1,200 years old, 150 year gap!!!
Moses didn't write?,
yet Black Stele found
= laws of Hammurabi
300 yrs. before
Daniel not 2nd but
6th BC, East India.
Dead Sea Scrolls
100 BC = Massoretic
given to Abraham
Ebla tablets (Syria)
Nuzi tablets (Iraq)
speaks of 6
Jews split with Muh. 624 A.D. (S.2:144-150)
- Doctrina Iacobi, 642A.D. Jews/Saracens
Armenian Chronicler 660 A.D.= Jews &
Ishmaelites together up to 640 A.D.
Mecca (S.3:96)=1st sanctuary, Adam=Kaaba
1st city, Abraham/Ishmael, Trade - no
ancient reference till 724A.D. ("Makoraba"
Sources Periplus (50A.D.), Pliny (79A.D.) vs.
Cosmas, Procopius, Theodoretus
no overland trade post - 1st
no trade post-3rd cent, then Ethiopians
Mecca a valley, no water, unlike Taif 50 miles
cheaper 1,250 miles by ship than 50 miles by
Field of Abram in
Hebron = 918 BC by
Shishak of Egypt, on
walls of Karnak
Doors of Sodom
2200-1600 BC =
heavy = Gen.19:9,
Beni Hasan Tomb
Asiatics went to
Joseph's price (20
earlier cheaper, later
Josh.24:32 = in
Jericho's walls fell
outwards = Joshua
shafts found (II
Qibla (S.2:144-150) Jeru -> Mecca 624A.D.
Wasit, Baghdad & Kufa = West, Al As =
Syrian Caliphal Palaces = Jerusalem
Jacob of Edessa 705 A.D. to Jerusalem
Dome of the Rock: by Abd al-Malik 691A.D.,
Inscriptions polemical & not = Qur'an!
Variant verbal forms, & extensive deviances
No Qibla, octagonal thus 1st sanctuary?
Nevo's Inscriptions Arabic, religious after
661A.D., no Muh. formula until 690A.D.
then Tawhid, Muhammad rasul Allah,
on Protocols suddenly & only, until 724A.D.
Note: Compared to the Biblical
archaeological evidence, there is no
archaeological evidence for Adam, Abraham,
or Ishmael in Arabia!
Erastus = Corinth
found in 1929 with
Meris = Philippia
until inscriptions use
it for district.
Politarchs = civil
17:6) 19 inscriptions
use it, 5 in
Praetor = Philippian
ruler instead of
used Praetor earlier.
Proconsul = title for
Gallio (Acts 18:12) -
Delphi Inscription (52
A.D.) Gallio held this
position for 1yr.
Quirinius = governor
of Syria at Jesus'
birth = an inscription
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